Congressman Deb Haaland will become the first Native American woman to hold a ministerial post in the US cabinet. A majority in the Senate confirmed her nomination as Home Secretary in the cabinet of Democratic President Joe Biden on Monday (local time). She should be sworn in shortly. The Democrat Haaland (60) from the state of New Mexico belongs to the tribe of the Pueblo of Laguna.
According to her website, her family has lived in the southern state for more than 30 generations. In the USA, the Ministry of the Interior, with around 70,000 employees, is primarily responsible for the administration of the state-owned land. The ministry decides, for example, whether nature reserves are designated or whether energy generation such as fracking is permitted. The area of responsibility also includes the national parks and important matters relating to the approximately 1.9 million indigenous people. Internal security, on the other hand – which is the responsibility of the interior ministries in Europe – is the responsibility of the home security department in the USA.