Content management systems: the history and the future

Content management systems (CMS) are any method of organizing electronic information. With the rise of the Internet, the phrase was adopted as a whole to describe a wide range of systems that allowed users to create, edit, manage and publish website content.

Although in the early 1990s people were able to update some type of content online with Microsoft and Lotus products, the first example of a pure content management tool came from Vignette with StoryServer around 1996. In the following years it was developed. they released many CMS packages. from companies like Documentum, Interwoven and Broadvision.

Between 2000 and 2005, the sector went through a massive wave of mergers and acquisitions that left a number of users without support after the packages were dropped and there were difficulties when the packages were merged.

In 2007 there were 3 types of content management system:

1) Software edition

These systems handle publishing on a local machine or network and then rely on publishing to upload new content to the website. These offline systems generally require software installation before editing can be done.

2) Online edition

These systems typically do not require software installation, providing flexibility to edit on any machine as long as the user has password access. Online content management systems can be very simple, like Wiki, to sophisticated CMS editor functions, like Vx.

3) Hybrid systems

Hybrid systems allow users to edit content online through an online editing system, but allow content to be “checked out” to work outside of the system before the content is put back into the online editor.

2008 and the future …

Content management systems have become extremely sophisticated, allowing users to manage and manipulate text, images, documents, audio, video, and animations.

New developments have taken the concepts behind content management systems – non-technical or design staff managing your websites – into other fields of the marketing mix. Several systems have integrated email marketing functionality into their CMS, allowing for tracking between email and website functions.

State-of-the-art systems have started to bring the offline to the content management platform. Printed materials, PDF files, and other offline communications are now managed through CMS systems similar to websites and emails.

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